In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is an assisted reproductive technology that has gained widespread recognition. Although many have heard of IVF, few understand what it entails or when it is appropriate to utilize.
In this blog, we’ll address these and other frequently asked questions. An exhaustive resource covering every aspect of the IVF Process Step by Step.
What Is IVF?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure in which a human egg is fertilized and then transferred to a woman’s uterus in a controlled laboratory setting. The terms “in vitro” and “in vivo” refer, respectively, to experiments performed outside and inside of living organisms. Fertilization takes place when sperm and an egg are combined in a dish. However, in IVF, there are several essential procedures that must be completed before the egg and sperm actually meet.
IVF Treatment Process Step by Step
- According to the NIH, you will be prescribed fertility medicines to initiate a process known as stimulation, sometimes known as superovulation (NIH).
- Through this stage of IVF, you will be subjected to regular transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests to check on your ovaries and track your hormone levels.
- Just over a day before your eggs are scheduled to be harvested, you will receive an injection of a hormone that stimulates early egg development.
- Your partner will submit a sperm sample when you are having your eggs extracted. A second option is to use sperm from a donor. To sort out the best quality sperm, they are washed and spun at high speeds.
- Finally, we get to the portion of IVF where the best sperm and eggs are combined. Insemination is the term used to describe this process. Fertilization of an egg by a sperm typically occurs after a few hours. Your doctor may also use a technique called intracytoplasmic sperm injection, in which the sperm is injected directly into the egg (ICSI).
- Additional medicine will be given to you after egg retrieval. The goal of this one is to have your uterine lining ready for when the embryos are reintroduced. After fertilization, the embryos will be placed in the uterus via catheter approximately 3 to 5 days later. This portion of IVF happens in the doctor’s office while you’re awake, much like the third step.
- The IVF method is quite similar to the process of natural reproduction. The success of the IVF technique can be confirmed by taking a pregnancy test once it has been completed.
Also Read – Egg Donation Process
Birth control pills estradiol
Pregnancy can be avoided with the aid of the drospirenone and Ethinyl estradiol combination. Birth control pills like this one, which includes the hormones Ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone, are highly effective at stopping pregnancy if used correctly. The method is effective because it prevents an egg from maturing each month.
To be clear, this medication does not serve as a contraceptive or protect against HIV/AIDS or any other STDs. As emergency contraception, for use in situations like following unprotected sexual contact, it will not work.
Ovarian stimulation in IVF
- Just before undergoing ovarian stimulation, here are some things to keep in mind if you’re thinking about doing in vitro fertilization
- Pick a medical staff you can have faith in, as open lines of communication are crucial.
- Take your pills at the right times.
- If you are unsure about something, you should get help immediately.
- It is imperative that you plan so that you can go to your medical appointments and testing and share your results with your care team.
- Acknowledge the stressful nature of the procedure and treat yourself gently throughout it.
- Ovarian stimulation is seen as a difficult step in the IVF process.
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Egg retrieval process
When stimulation drugs for in vitro fertilization (IVF) or egg freezing are first administered, egg retrieval can begin. Typically, a woman will begin taking one of these drugs between days two and four of her menstrual cycle and continue doing so for the next 10 days. The process can often begin at any time once a baseline appointment has been held to test the beginning hormone, follicular, and endometrial levels in a woman who does not have a regular cycle.
Third, in the sequence of assisted reproductive technology procedures after ovulation stimulation and egg retrieval is fertilization. Simple fertilization entails mixing sperm with eggs in a petri dish and then incubating the mixture. If successful, this can lead to the development of a healthy embryo from one or more fertilized eggs. The next step is to place the embryos in the uterus in an effort to conceive a child.
This usually takes anywhere from two days to six days. Your fertility doctor may recommend waiting till the blastocyst stage, which typically occurs 5–7 days after insemination, despite the fact that the embryo may be suitable for transfer as early as the cleavage stage (days 2–3)
Embryo development and Embryo transfer
Embryonic development is the process through which an embryo grows from one stage to the next. Plant and animal embryos develop differently. This variation in embryonic development is also seen in animals, with each species having its own unique developmental milestones. Embryos created through in vitro fertilization (IVF) are typically transplanted between the fourth and eighth cell stages, two or three days after egg retrieval. To be implanted into the uterine wall, the IVF embryos should continue to expand for another 100-150 cells, or the blastocyst transfer stage, over the course of the next two or three days (endometrium).
As the final step of IVF, embryo transfer is the technique whereby an embryo is implanted into the mother’s uterus. It’s a crucial step in the process. The success of in vitro fertilization (IVF) relies on many factors, including the quality of the laboratory culture environment and the skill of the embryo transfer physician. The success of an in vitro fertilization cycle hinges on the embryos being gently inserted into the endometrial cavity, ideally in the center of the cavity, with as little disruption to the lining of the uterus as possible.
What to Expect After IVF Treatment?
We advise you to take it easy on the transfer day and the day after. It’s safe to go back to your regular routine after two days have passed. Constipation, minor cramping/bloating, and bleeding are only some of the possible side effects following the operation. If the discomfort continues, you should see a doctor.
The increased progesterone levels that accompany IVF treatment might make the first few days of the process very exhausting. At the start of their periods, many women report feeling tired. This may be a result of the fertility medicines you’re taking, or it may signify a successful embryo transfer.